Zambia - HowStuffWorks

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Country (long form) Republic of Zambia
Capital Lusaka
Total Area 290,585.89 sq mi
752,614.00 sq km
(slightly larger than Texas)
Population 9,770,199 (July 2001 est.)
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
Estimated Population in 2050 20,288,861
Languages English (official), major vernaculars - Bemba, Kaonda, Lozi, Lunda, Luvale, Nyanja, Tonga, and about 70 other indigenous languages
Literacy 78.2% total, 85.6% male, 71.3% female (1995 est.)
Religions Christian 50%-75%, Muslim and Hindu 24%-49%, indigenous beliefs 1%
Life Expectancy 37.06 male, 37.53 female (2001 est.)
Government Type republic
Currency 1 Zambian kwacha (ZK) = 100 ngwee
GDP (per capita) $880 (2000 est.)
Industry copper mining and processing, construction, foodstuffs, beverages, chemicals, textiles, fertilizer
Agriculture corn, sorghum, rice, peanuts, sunflower seed, vegetables, flowers, tobacco, cotton, sugarcane, cassava (tapioca); cattle, goats, pigs, poultry, milk, eggs, hides; coffee
Arable Land 7%
Natural Resources copper, cobalt, zinc, lead, coal, emeralds, gold, silver, uranium, hydropower
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Zambia, or Republic of Zambia, a landlocked country in south-central Africa. Until independence in 1964 it was known as Northern Rhodesia.

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History of Zambia

The earliest signs of human habitation in Zambia are stone tools estimated to be about 55,000 years old.