Yemen - HowStuffWorks

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Country (long form) Republic of Yemen
Capital Sanaa
Total Area 203,850.36 sq mi
527,970.00 sq km
(slightly larger than twice the size of Wyoming)
Population 18,078,035 (July 2001 est.)
Estimated Population in 2050 71,119,251
Languages Arabic
Literacy 38.0% total, 53.0% male, 26% female (1990 est.)
Religions Muslim including Shaf'i (Sunni) and Zaydi (Shi'a), small numbers of Jewish, Christian, and Hindu
Life Expectancy 58.45 male, 62.05 female (2001 est.)
Government Type republic
Currency Yemeni rial (YER) = 100 fils
GDP (per capita) $820 (2000 est.)
Industry crude oil production and petroleum refining; small-scale production of cotton textiles and leather goods; food processing; handicrafts; small aluminum products factory; cement
Agriculture grain, fruits, vegetables, pulses, qat (mildly narcotic shrub), coffee, cotton; dairy products, livestock (sheep, goats, cattle, camels), poultry; fish
Arable Land 3%
Natural Resources petroleum, fish, rock salt, marble, small deposits of coal, gold, lead, nickel, and copper, fertile soil in west
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Yemen, or Republic of Yemen, a country on the Arabian Peninsula in southwestern Asia.

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History of Yemen

Ancient Yemen was the center of two advanced civilizations—the Minaean kingdom, which some scholars date back to as early as 1200 B.C., and the Sabaean kingdom, which arose in the 700's B.C.