United Kingdom - HowStuffWorks

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Country (long form) United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Capital London
Total Area 94,525.53 sq mi
244,820.00 sq km
(slightly smaller than Oregon)
Population 59,647,790 (July 2001 est.)
Estimated Population in 2050 58,210,627
Languages English, Welsh (about 26% of the population of Wales), Scottish form of Gaelic (about 60,000 in Scotland)
Literacy 99% total, N/A% male, N/A%, (1978 est.)
Religions Anglican 27 million, Roman Catholic 9 million, Muslim 1 million, Presbyterian 800,000, Methodist 760,000, Sikh 400,000, Hindu 350,000, Jewish 300,000 (1991 est.)
Life Expectancy 75.13 male, 80.66 female (2001 est.)
Government Type constitutional monarchy
Currency 1 British pound = 100 pence
GDP (per capita) $22,800 (2000 est.)
Industry machine tools, electric power equipment, automation equipment, railroad equipment, shipbuilding, aircraft, motor vehicles and parts, electronics and communications equipment, metals, chemicals, coal, petroleum, paper and paper products, food processing, textiles, clothing, and other consumer goods
Agriculture cereals, oilseed, potatoes, vegetables; cattle, sheep, poultry; fish
Arable Land 25%
Natural Resources coal, petroleum, natural gas, tin, limestone, iron ore, salt, clay, chalk, gypsum, lead, silica, arable land
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Geography of The United Kingdom

United Kingdom or Great Britain, an island country of northwestern Europe. The official name is the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

History of United Kingdom

The united kingdom of Great Britain was created in 1707 by the union of England and Scotland.