Togo - HowStuffWorks

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Country (long form) Togolese Republic
Capital Lome
Total Area 21,924.81 sq mi
56,785.00 sq km
(slightly smaller than West Virginia)
Population 5,153,088 (July 2001 est.)
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
Estimated Population in 2050 9,720,591
Languages French (official and the language of commerce), Ewe and Mina (the two major African languages in the south), Kabye (sometimes spelled Kabiye) and Dagomba (the two major African languages in the north)
Literacy 51.7% total, 67.0% male, 37% female (1995 est.)
Religions indigenous beliefs 59%, Christian 29%, Muslim 12%
Life Expectancy 52.38 male, 56.38 female (2001 est.)
Government Type republic under transition to multiparty democratic rule
Currency 1 Communaute Financiere Africaine franc (CFAF) = 100 centimes
GDP (per capita) $1,500 (2000 est.)
Industry phosphate mining, agricultural processing, cement; handicrafts, textiles, beverages
Agriculture coffee, cocoa, cotton, yams, cassava (tapioca), corn, beans, rice, millet, sorghum; livestock; fish
Arable Land 38%
Natural Resources phosphates, limestone, marble, arable land
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Geography of Togo

Togo, or Republic of Togo, a country in western Africa. It extends 370 miles (595 km) northward from the Gulf of Guinea and is nowhere more than 100 miles (160 km) wide.

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History of Togo

Little is known of the early history of Togo. About the 12th century, the Ewes began to move into the region from the east.