Tanzania - HowStuffWorks

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Country (long form) United Republic of Tanzania
Capital Dar es Salaam
note: some legislative offices have been transferred to Dodoma, which is planned as the new national capital; the National Assembly now meets there on regular basis
Total Area 364,900.13 sq mi
945,087.00 sq km
(slightly larger than twice the size of California)
Population 36,232,074 (July 2001 est.)
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
Estimated Population in 2050 88,280,060
Languages Kiswahili or Swahili (official), Kiunguju (name for Swahili in Zanzibar), English (official, primary language of commerce, administration, and higher education), Arabic (widely spoken in Zanzibar), many local languages
note: Kiswahili (Swahili) is the mother tongue of the Bantu people living in Zanzibar and nearby coastal Tanzania; although Kiswahili is Bantu in structure and origin, its vocabulary draws on a variety of sources, including Arabic and English, and it has become the lingua franca of central and eastern Africa; the first language of most people is one of the local languages
Literacy 67.8% total, 79.4% male, 56.8% female (1995 est.)
Religions mainland - Christian 45%, Muslim 35%, indigenous beliefs 20%; Zanzibar - more than 99% Muslim
Life Expectancy 51.04 male, 52.95 female (2001 est.)
Government Type republic
Currency 1 Tanzanian shilling (TSh) = 100 cents
GDP (per capita) $710 (2000 est.)
Industry primarily agricultural processing (sugar, beer, cigarettes, sisal twine), diamond and gold mining, oil refining, shoes, cement, textiles, wood products, fertilizer, salt
Agriculture coffee, sisal, tea, cotton, pyrethrum (insecticide made from chrysanthemums), cashew nuts, tobacco, cloves (Zanzibar), corn, wheat, cassava (tapioca), bananas, fruits, vegetables; cattle, sheep, goats
Arable Land 3%
Natural Resources hydropower, tin, phosphates, iron ore, coal, diamonds, gemstones, gold, natural gas, nickel
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Geography of Tanzania

Tanzania, or United Republic of Tanzania, a country in East Africa. It consists of the former British territories of Tanganyika and Zanzibar, which united in 1964.

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History of Tanzania

Archeological discoveries made in the Laetolil area indicate that humanlike creatures inhabited what is now Tanzania as early as 3,800,000 years ago.