Swaziland - HowStuffWorks

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Country (long form) Kingdom of Swaziland
Capital Mbabane;
note - Lobamba is the royal and legislative capital
Total Area 6,703.89 sq mi
17,363.00 sq km
(slightly smaller than New Jersey)
Population 1,104,343 (July 2001 est.)
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
Estimated Population in 2050 2,027,134
Languages English (official, government business conducted in English), siSwati (official)
Literacy 76.7% total, 78.0% male, 75.6% female (1995 est.)
Religions Protestant 55%, Muslim 10%, Roman Catholic 5%, indigenous beliefs 30%
Life Expectancy 37.86 male, 39.4 female (2001 est.)
Government Type monarchy
Currency 1 lilangeni (E) = 100 cents
GDP (per capita) $4,000 (2000 est.)
Industry mining (coal and asbestos), wood pulp, sugar, soft drink concentrates
Agriculture sugarcane, cotton, corn, tobacco, rice, citrus, pineapples, sorghum, peanuts; cattle, goats, sheep
Arable Land 11%
Natural Resources asbestos, coal, clay, cassiterite, hydropower, forests, small gold and diamond deposits, quarry stone, and talc
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Geography of Swaziland

Swaziland, or Kingdom of Swaziland, a small landlocked country in southern Africa.

History of Swaziland

The Swazis settled in the area that is now Swaziland about 1820 after being expelled from land to the south by the Zulus.