Sudan - HowStuffWorks

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Country (long form) Republic of the Sudan
Capital Khartoum
Total Area 967,498.65 sq mi
2,505,810.00 sq km
(slightly more than one-quarter the size of the US)
Population 36,080,373 (July 2001 est.)
Estimated Population in 2050 84,192,309
Languages Arabic (official), Nubian, Ta Bedawie, diverse dialects of Nilotic, Nilo-Hamitic, Sudanic languages, English
Literacy 46.1% total, 57.7% male, 34.6% female (1995 est.)
Religions Sunni Muslim 70% (in north), indigenous beliefs 25%, Christian 5% (mostly in south and Khartoum)
Life Expectancy 55.85 male, 58.08 female (2001 est.)
Government Type transitional - ruling military junta took power in 1989; government is dominated by members of Sudan's National Islamic Front (NIF), a fundamentalist political organization, which uses the National Congress Party (NCP) as its legal front
Currency 1 Sudanese dinar (SD) = 100 piastres
GDP (per capita) $1,000 (2000 est.)
Industry cotton ginning, textiles, cement, edible oils, sugar, soap distilling, shoes, petroleum refining, pharmaceuticals, armaments
Agriculture cotton, groundnuts (peanuts), sorghum, millet, wheat, gum arabic, sugarcane, cassara, mangos, papaya, bananas, sweet potatoes, sesame; sheep, livestock
Arable Land 5%
Natural Resources petroleum; small reserves of iron ore, copper, chromium ore, zinc, tungsten, mica, silver, gold, hydropower
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Geography of Sudan

Sudan, a vast indefinite region of some 2,000,000 square miles (5,200,000 km2) in northern Africa.

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History of Sudan

Information on the eastern Sudanic region is found in ancient Egyptian writings. The Egyptians traded with Nubia, the Sudanic area just to their south, and gained control of it for a while.