South Korea - HowStuffWorks

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what's inside: south korea

Maps of South Korea show the location of major cities and regions in South Korea. Check out our interactive maps of South Korea.



Seoul maps show locations and major features. Explore interactive Seoul maps. See more »

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Country (long form) Republic of Korea
Capital Seoul
Total Area 38,023.34 sq mi
98,480.00 sq km
(slightly larger than Indiana)
Population 47,904,370 (July 2001 est.)
Estimated Population in 2050 51,147,663
Languages Korean, English widely taught in junior high and high school
Literacy 98.0% total, 99.3% male, 96.7% female (1995 est.)
Religions Christian 49%, Buddhist 47%, Confucianist 3%, Shamanist, Chondogyo (Religion of the Heavenly Way), and other 1%
Life Expectancy 70.97 male, 78.74 female (2001 est.)
Government Type republic
Currency 1 South Korean won (W) = 100 chun (theoretical)
GDP (per capita) $16,100 (2000 est.)
Industry electronics, automobile production, chemicals, shipbuilding, steel, textiles, clothing, footwear, food processing
Agriculture rice, root crops, barley, vegetables, fruit; cattle, pigs, chickens, milk, eggs; fish
Arable Land 19%
Natural Resources coal, tungsten, graphite, molybdenum, lead, hydropower potential
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Geography of South Korea

South Korea, a country of eastern Asia. It occupies the southern part of the Korean peninsula, between the Sea of Japan on the east and the Yellow Sea on the west.

History of South Korea

According to legend, Korea was founded in 2333 B.C. At that time all the Korean tribes were united by Tangun, son of the god-spirit Hwanung.