Somalia - HowStuffWorks

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Country (long form) none
Capital Mogadishu
Total Area 246,200.74 sq mi
637,657.00 sq km
(slightly smaller than Texas)
Population 7,488,773 (July 2001 est.)
note: this estimate was derived from an official census taken in 1975 by the Somali Government; population counting in Somalia is complicated by the large number of nomads and by refugee movements in response to famine and clan warfare
Estimated Population in 2050 25,499,605
Languages Somali (official), Arabic, Italian, English
Literacy 24.0% total, 36.0% male, 14% female (1990 est.)
Religions Sunni Muslim
Life Expectancy 44.99 male, 48.25 female (2001 est.)
Government Type parliamentary
Currency 1 Somali shilling (So. Sh.) = 100 cents
GDP (per capita) $600 (2000 est.)
Industry a few small industries, including sugar refining, textiles, petroleum refining (mostly shut down), wireless communication
Agriculture cattle, sheep, goats; bananas, sorghum, corn, sugarcane, mangoes, sesame seeds, beans; fish
Arable Land 2%
Natural Resources uranium and largely unexploited reserves of iron ore, tin, gypsum, bauxite, copper, salt
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Geography of Somalia

Somalia, or Somali Democratic Republic, a country in eastern Africa. It occupies part of the Somali Peninsula, or the Horn of Africa, and fronts on the Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean.

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History of Somalia

Somalia became and independent countryin 1960. For its earlier history . Faced with serious economic problems, the new nation relied heavily on foreign aid.