Senegal - HowStuffWorks

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Country (long form) Republic of Senegal
Capital Dakar
Total Area 75,749.38 sq mi
196,190.00 sq km
(slightly smaller than South Dakota)
Population 10,284,929 (July 2001 est.)
Estimated Population in 2050 27,837,224
Languages French (official), Wolof, Pulaar, Jola, Mandinka
Literacy 33.1% total, 43.0% male, 23.2% female (1995 est.)
Religions Muslim 92%, indigenous beliefs 6%, Christian 2% (mostly Roman Catholic)
Life Expectancy 60.94 male, 64.22 female (2001 est.)
Government Type republic under multiparty democratic rule
Currency 1 Communaute Financiere Africaine franc (CFAF) = 100 centimes
GDP (per capita) $1,600 (2000 est.)
Industry agricultural and fish processing, phosphate mining, fertilizer production, petroleum refining, construction materials
Agriculture peanuts, millet, corn, sorghum, rice, cotton, tomatoes, green vegetables; cattle, poultry, pigs, fish
Arable Land 12%
Natural Resources fish, phosphates, iron ore
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Geography of Senegal

Senegal, or Republic of Senegal, a country in western Africa. It faces the Atlantic Ocean at the westernmost part of the continent and extends 350 miles (560 km) inland.

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History of Senegal

Little is known of the early history of Senegal. By the Middle Ages, such groups as the Wolof, Serer, and Toucouleur had entered the area from the north.