Rwanda - HowStuffWorks

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Country (long form) Republic of Rwanda
Capital Kigali
Total Area 10,169.16 sq mi
26,338.00 sq km
(slightly smaller than Maryland)
Population 7,312,756 (July 2001 est.)
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
Estimated Population in 2050 8,905,995
Languages Kinyarwanda (official) universal Bantu vernacular, French (official), English (official), Kiswahili (Swahili) used in commercial centers
Literacy 48% total, 52% male, 45% female (1995 est.)
Religions Roman Catholic 52.7%, Protestant 24%, Adventist 10.4%, Muslim 1.9%, indigenous beliefs and other 6.5% , none 4.5% (1996)
Life Expectancy 38.35 male, 39.65 female (2001 est.)
Government Type republic; presidential, multiparty system
Currency 1 Rwandan franc (RF) = 100 centimes
GDP (per capita) $900 (2000 est.)
Industry cement, agricultural products, small-scale beverages, soap, furniture, shoes, plastic goods, textiles, cigarettes
Agriculture coffee, tea, pyrethrum (insecticide made from chrysanthemums), bananas, beans, sorghum, potatoes; livestock
Arable Land 35%
Natural Resources gold, cassiterite (tin ore), wolframite (tungsten ore), methane, hydropower, arable land
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Geography of Rwanda

Rwanda, or Rwandese Republic, a small country in east-central Africa. Rwanda lies just south of the Equator some 600 miles (970 km) inland from the Indian Ocean.

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History of Rwanda

Among Rwanda's earliest known inhabitants were the Hutu, who migrated into the area from the west.