Peru - HowStuffWorks

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Maps of Peru show the location of major cities and regions in Peru. Check out our interactive maps of Peru.



Lima maps show locations and major features. Explore interactive Lima maps. See more »

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Miraflores maps show locations and major features. Explore interactive Miraflores maps. See more »

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 peru thematic maps
Country (long form) Republic of Peru
Capital Lima
Total Area 496,226.22 sq mi
1,285,220.00 sq km
(slightly smaller than Alaska)
Population 27,483,864 (July 2001 est.)
Estimated Population in 2050 44,393,210
Languages Spanish (official), Quechua (official), Aymara
Literacy 88.7% total, 94.5% male, 83% female (1995 est.)
Religions Roman Catholic 90%
Life Expectancy 67.9 male, 72.81 female (2001 est.)
Government Type constitutional republic
Currency 1 nuevo sol (S/.) = 100 centimos
GDP (per capita) $4,550 (2000 est.)
Industry mining of metals, petroleum, fishing, textiles, clothing, food processing, cement, auto assembly, steel, shipbuilding, metal fabrication
Agriculture coffee, cotton, sugarcane, rice, wheat, potatoes, plantains, coca; poultry, beef, dairy products, wool; fish
Arable Land 3%
Natural Resources copper, silver, gold, petroleum, timber, fish, iron ore, coal, phosphate, potash, hydropower
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Peru, (Spanish: or Republic of Peru, a country on the west coast of South America.

History of Peru

Peru's earliest inhabitants arrived in the area about 12,000 years ago and settled along the coast.