Oman - HowStuffWorks

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Country (long form) Sultanate of Oman
Capital Muscat
Total Area 82,031.26 sq mi
212,460.00 sq km
(slightly smaller than Kansas)
Population 2,622,198 (July 2001 est.)
note: includes 527,078 non-nationals
Estimated Population in 2050 8,337,734
Languages Arabic (official), English, Baluchi, Urdu, Indian dialects
Literacy 80.0% total, N/A% male, N/A% female
Religions Ibadhi Muslim 75%, Sunni Muslim, Shi'a Muslim, Hindu
Life Expectancy 69.9 male, 74.29 female (2001 est.)
Government Type monarchy
Currency 1 Omani rial (RO) = 1,000 baiza
GDP (per capita) $7,700 (2000 est.)
Industry crude oil production and refining, natural gas production, construction, cement, copper
Agriculture dates, limes, bananas, alfalfa, vegetables; camels, cattle; fish
Arable Land 0%
Natural Resources petroleum, copper, asbestos, some marble, limestone, chromium, gypsum, natural gas
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Geography of Oman

Oman, or Sultanate of Oman, a country in the Middle East, on the Arabian Peninsula in southwestern Asia.

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History of Oman

At an early date Muscat became an Arab trading port. The interior was peopled by various Omani tribes.