Nigeria - HowStuffWorks

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Country (long form) Federal Republic of Nigeria
Capital Abuja
Total Area 356,668.82 sq mi
923,768.00 sq km
(slightly more than twice the size of California)
Population 126,635,626 (July 2001 est.)
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
Estimated Population in 2050 303,586,770
Languages English (official), Hausa, Yoruba, Igbo (Ibo), Fulani
Literacy 57.1% total, 67.3% male, 47.3% female (1995 est.)
Religions Muslim 50%, Christian 40%, indigenous beliefs 10%
Life Expectancy 51.07 male, 51.07 female (2001 est.)
Government Type republic transitioning from military to civilian rule
Currency 1 naira (N) = 100 kobo
GDP (per capita) $950 (2000 est.)
Industry crude oil, coal, tin, columbite, palm oil, peanuts, cotton, rubber, wood, hides and skins, textiles, cement and other construction materials, food products, footwear, chemicals, fertilizer, printing, ceramics, steel
Agriculture cocoa, peanuts, palm oil, corn, rice, sorghum, millet, cassava (tapioca), yams, rubber; cattle, sheep, goats, pigs; timber; fish
Arable Land 33%
Natural Resources natural gas, petroleum, tin, columbite, iron ore, coal, limestone, lead, zinc, arable land
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Geography of Nigeria

Nigeria, or Federal Republic of Nigeria, a country in West Africa. It is the largest of the West African nations and the most populous in Africa.

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History of Nigeria

The most significant of the ancient Nigerian cultures known to archeologists is that of the Nok people, who flourished from the fourth century B.C.