Niger - HowStuffWorks

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Country (long form) Republic of Niger
Capital Niamey
Total Area 489,191.43 sq mi
1,267,000.00 sq km
(slightly less than twice the size of Texas)
Population 10,355,156 (July 2001 est.)
Estimated Population in 2050 28,457,437
Languages French (official), Hausa, Djerma
Literacy 13.6% total, 20.9% male, 6.6% female (1995 est.)
Religions Muslim 80%, remainder indigenous beliefs and Christians
Life Expectancy 41.74 male, 41.44 female (2001 est.)
Government Type republic
Currency 1 Communaute Financiere Africaine franc (CFAF) = 100 centimes
GDP (per capita) $1,000 (2000 est.)
Industry uranium mining, cement, brick, textiles, food processing, chemicals, slaughterhouses
Agriculture cowpeas, cotton, peanuts, millet, sorghum, cassava (tapioca), rice; cattle, sheep, goats, camels, donkeys, horses, poultry
Arable Land 3%
Natural Resources uranium, coal, iron ore, tin, phosphates, gold, petroleum
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Niger, or Republic of Niger, a country in north-central Africa. It is a landlocked nation bordered by Algeria, Libya, Chad, Nigeria, Benin, Burkina Faso, and Mali.

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History of Niger

Niger for centuries was a center of conflict among the various people of West Africa.