Namibia - HowStuffWorks

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Country (long form) Republic of Namibia
Capital Windhoek
Total Area 318,695.67 sq mi
825,418.00 sq km
(slightly more than half the size of Alaska)
Population 1,797,677 (July 2001 est.)
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
Estimated Population in 2050 2,464,890
Languages English 7% (official), Afrikaans common language of most of the population and about 60% of the white population, German 32%, indigenous languages: Oshivambo, Herero, Nama
Literacy 38.0% total, 45.0% male, 31% female (1960 est.)
Religions Christian 80% to 90% (Lutheran 50% at least), indigenous beliefs 10% to 20%
Life Expectancy 42.48 male, 38.71 female (2001 est.)
Government Type republic
Currency 1 Namibian dollar (N$) = 100 cents
GDP (per capita) $4,300 (2000 est.)
Industry meat packing, fish processing, dairy products; mining (diamond, lead, zinc, tin, silver, tungsten, uranium, copper)
Agriculture millet, sorghum, peanuts; livestock; fish
Arable Land 1%
Natural Resources diamonds, copper, uranium, gold, lead, tin, lithium, cadmium, zinc, salt, vanadium, natural gas, hydropower, fish
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Geography of Namibia

Namibia, officially, Republic of Namibia, a country in southwestern Africa. It fronts on the Atlantic Ocean and is bounded by Angola, Zambia, Botswana, and South Africa.

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History of Namibia

It is believed that the Bushmen were the first of Namibia's aboriginal peoples, followed by Hottentots and Damaras, In the 15th century the Portuguese navigator Bartholomeu Dias landed on the coast.