Mozambique - HowStuffWorks

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Country (long form) Republic of Mozambique
Capital Maputo
Total Area 309,495.63 sq mi
801,590.00 sq km
(slightly less than twice the size of California)
Population 19,371,057 (July 2001 est.)
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected; the 1997 Mozambican census reported a population of 16,099,246
Estimated Population in 2050 22,939,169
Languages Portuguese (official), indigenous dialects
Literacy 42.3% total, 58.4% male, 27% female (1998 est.)
Religions indigenous beliefs 50%, Christian 30%, Muslim 20%
Life Expectancy 37.25 male, 35.62 female (2001 est.)
Government Type republic
Currency metical (Mt) = 100 centavos
GDP (per capita) $1,000 (2000 est.)
Industry food, beverages, chemicals (fertilizer, soap, paints), petroleum products, textiles, cement, glass, asbestos, tobacco
Agriculture cotton, cashew nuts, sugarcane, tea, cassava (tapioca), corn, rice, coconuts, sisal, tropical fruits; beef, poultry
Arable Land 4%
Natural Resources coal, titanium, natural gas, hydropower, tantalum, graphite
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Mozambique, a country in southeast Africa. It is bordered on the north by Tanzania; on the east by the Indian Ocean; on the south and southwest by South Africa and Swaziland; on the west by Zimbabwe; and on the northwest by Zambia and Malawi.

History of Mozambique

By about 1000 A.D., the indigenous San (Bushmen) and Khoi (Hottentots) had been largely replaced by Bantus.