Mauritania - HowStuffWorks

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Country (long form) Islamic Republic of Mauritania
Capital Nouakchott
Total Area 397,955.49 sq mi
1,030,700.00 sq km
(slightly larger than three times the size of New Mexico)
Population 2,747,312 (July 2001 est.)
Estimated Population in 2050 8,635,801
Languages Hasaniya Arabic (official), Pular, Soninke, Wolof (official), French
Literacy 46.7% total, 53.4% male, 40% female (1998 est.)
Religions Muslim 100%
Life Expectancy 49.06 male, 53.29 female (2001 est.)
Government Type republic
Currency 1 ouguiya (UM) = 5 khoums
GDP (per capita) $2,000 (2000 est.)
Industry fish processing, mining of iron ore and gypsum
Agriculture dates, millet, sorghum, rice, corn; cattle, sheep
Arable Land 0%
Natural Resources iron ore, gypsum, fish, copper, phosphate, diamonds, gold
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Geography of Mauritania

Mauritania, or Islamic Republic of Mauritania, a country of northwestern Africa. It is bordered by Morocco, Algeria, Mali, Senegal, and the Atlantic Ocean.

History of Mauritania

About the third century, Berbers began migrating from the North, pushing the native black population to the south.