Mali - HowStuffWorks

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Country (long form) Republic of Mali
Capital Bamako
Total Area 478,766.68 sq mi
1,240,000.00 sq km
(slightly less than twice the size of Texas)
Population 11,008,518 (July 2001 est.)
Estimated Population in 2050 36,358,534
Languages French (official), Bambara 80%, numerous African languages
Literacy 31.0% total, 39.4% male, 23.1% female (1995 est.)
Religions Muslim 90%, indigenous beliefs 9%, Christian 1%
Life Expectancy 45.84 male, 48.24 female (2001 est.)
Government Type republic
Currency 1 Communaute Financiere Africaine franc (CFAF) = 100 centimes
GDP (per capita) $850 (2000 est.)
Industry minor local consumer goods production and food processing; construction; phosphate and gold mining
Agriculture cotton, millet, rice, corn, vegetables, peanuts; cattle, sheep, goats
Arable Land 2%
Natural Resources gold, phosphates, kaolin, salt, limestone, uranium, hydropower
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Geography of Mali

Mali, or Republic of Mali, a country of western Africa. It is bounded by Algeria, Niger, Burkina Faso, Côte d'Ivoire, Guinea, Senegal, and Mauritania.

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History of Mali

Mali was the site of a number of medieval kingdoms—Ghana, Mali, and Songhai—which gained wealth from trans-Saharan trade.