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Country (long form) Republic of Kenya
Capital Nairobi
Total Area 224,962.42 sq mi
582,650.00 sq km
(slightly more than twice the size of Nevada)
Population 30,765,916 (July 2001 est.)
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
Estimated Population in 2050 38,660,226
Languages English (official), Kiswahili (official), numerous indigenous languages
Literacy 78.1% total, 86.3% male, 70% female (1995 est.)
Religions Protestant 38%, Roman Catholic 28%, indigenous beliefs 26%, Muslim 7%, other 1%
note: a large majority of Kenyans are Christian, but estimates for the percentage of the population that adheres to Islam or indigenous beliefs vary widely
Life Expectancy 46.57 male, 48.44 female (2001 est.)
Government Type republic
Currency 1 Kenyan shilling (KSh) = 100 cents
GDP (per capita) $1,500 (2000 est.)
Industry small-scale consumer goods (plastic, furniture, batteries, textiles, soap, cigarettes, flour), agricultural products processing; oil refining, cement; tourism
Agriculture coffee, tea, corn, wheat, sugarcane, fruit, vegetables; dairy products, beef, pork, poultry, eggs
Arable Land 7%
Natural Resources gold, limestone, soda ash, salt barites, rubies, fluorspar, garnets, wildlife, hydropower
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Geography of Kenya

Kenya, or Republic of Kenya, a country in East Africa. Until 1963 it was a British dependency, called Kenya Colony and Protectorate.

History of Kenya

Kenya's recorded history begins with Indonesian and Arab traders, who by the early Middle Ages were visiting the coast to trade.