Israel - HowStuffWorks

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Maps of Israel show the location of major cities and regions in Israel. Check out our interactive maps of Israel.

Tel Aviv/Jerusalem

Tel Aviv/Jerusalem

Tel Aviv/Jerusalem maps show locations and major features. Explore interactive Tel Aviv/Jerusalem maps. See more »

 israel thematic maps
Country (long form) State of Israel
Capital Jerusalem
note: Israel proclaimed Jerusalem as its capital in 1950, but the US, like nearly all other countries, maintains its Embassy in Tel Aviv
Total Area 8,019.34 sq mi
20,770.00 sq km
(slightly smaller than New Jersey)
Population 5,938,093 (July 2001 est. )
note: includes about 176,000 Israeli settlers in the West Bank, about 20,000 in the Israeli-occupied Golan Heights, about 6,900 in the Gaza Strip, and about 173,000 in East Jerusalem (August 2000 est.)
Estimated Population in 2050 8,516,835
Languages Hebrew (official), Arabic used officially for Arab minority, English most commonly used foreign language
Literacy 95.0% total, 97.0% male, 93% female (1992 est.)
Religions Jewish 80.1%, Muslim 14.6% (mostly Sunni Muslim), Christian 2.1%, other 3.2% (1996 est.)
Life Expectancy 76.69 male, 80.84 female (2001 est.)
Government Type parliamentary democracy
Currency 1 new Israeli shekel (NIS) = 100 new agorot
GDP (per capita) $18,900 (2000 est.)
Industry high-technology projects (including aviation, communications, computer-aided design and manufactures, medical electronics), wood and paper products, potash and phosphates, food, beverages, and tobacco, caustic soda, cement, diamond cutting
Agriculture citrus, vegetables, cotton; beef, poultry, dairy products
Arable Land 17%
Natural Resources timber, potash, copper ore, natural gas, phosphate rock, magnesium bromide, clays, sand, oil
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Geography of Israel

Israel, or State of Israel, a country in southwestern Asia. It is a predominantly Jewish state and one of the few non-Arab nations in the Middle East.

History of Israel

In 1917 the British government issued the Balfour Declaration, pledging its support for a Jewish national home in Palestine.