Iran - HowStuffWorks

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Country (long form) Islamic Republic of Iran
Capital Tehran
Total Area 636,296.36 sq mi
1,648,000.00 sq km
(slightly larger than Alaska)
Population 66,128,965 (July 2001 est.)
Estimated Population in 2050 100,198,725
Languages Persian and Persian dialects 58%, Turkic and Turkic dialects 26%, Kurdish 9%, Luri 2%, Balochi 1%, Arabic 1%, Turkish 1%, other 2%
Literacy 72.1% total, 78.4% male, 65.8% female (1994 est.)
Religions Shi'a Muslim 89%, Sunni Muslim 10%, Zoroastrian, Jewish, Christian, and Baha'i 1%
Life Expectancy 68.61 male, 71.37 female (2001 est.)
Government Type theocratic republic
Currency 10 Iranian rials (IR) = 1 toman
GDP (per capita) $6,300 (2000 est.)
Industry petroleum, petrochemicals, textiles, cement and other construction materials, food processing (particularly sugar refining and vegetable oil production), metal fabricating, armaments
Agriculture wheat, rice, other grains, sugar beets, fruits, nuts, cotton; dairy products, wool; caviar
Arable Land 10%
Natural Resources petroleum, natural gas, coal, chromium, copper, iron ore, lead, manganese, zinc, sulfur
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