Indonesia - HowStuffWorks

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Maps of Indonesia show the location of major cities and regions in Indonesia. Check out our interactive maps of Indonesia.



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Country (long form) Republic of Indonesia
Capital Jakarta
Total Area 741,099.93 sq mi
1,919,440.00 sq km
(slightly less than three times the size of Texas)
Population 228,437,870 (July 2001 est.)
Estimated Population in 2050 337,807,011
Languages Bahasa Indonesia (official, modified form of Malay), English, Dutch, local dialects, the most widely spoken of which is Javanese
Literacy 83.8% total, 89.6% male, 78% female (1995 est.)
Religions Muslim 88%, Protestant 5%, Roman Catholic 3%, Hindu 2%, Buddhist 1%, other 1% (1998)
Life Expectancy 65.9 male, 70.75 female (2001 est.)
Government Type republic
Currency Indonesian rupiah (Rp) = 100 sen
GDP (per capita) $2,900 (2000 est.)
Industry petroleum and natural gas; textiles, apparel, and footwear; mining, cement, chemical fertilizers, plywood; rubber; food; tourism
Agriculture ice, cassava (tapioca), peanuts, rubber, cocoa, coffee, palm oil, copra; poultry, beef, pork, eggs
Arable Land 10%
Natural Resources petroleum, tin, natural gas, nickel, timber, bauxite, copper, fertile soils, coal, gold, silver
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Indonesia or Republic of Indonesia, the largest island nation in the world. It lies between the Indian and Pacific oceans off the mainland of Southeast Asia, occupying most of the Malay Archipelago.

History of Indonesia

In the Mediterranean. Fossil remains of Java Man show that Java was inhabited by apelike humans about 500,000 years ago.