Guyana - HowStuffWorks

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Country (long form) Co-operative Republic of Guyana
Capital Georgetown
Total Area 83,000.38 sq mi
214,970.00 sq km
(slightly smaller than Idaho)
Population 697,181 (July 2001 est.)
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
Estimated Population in 2050 786,846
Languages English, Amerindian dialects, Creole, Hindi, Urdu
Literacy 98.1% total, 98.6% male, 97.5% female (1995 est.)
Religions Christian 50%, Hindu 33%, Muslim 9%, other 8%
Life Expectancy 60.52 male, 66.24 female (2001 est.)
Government Type republic within the Commonwealth
Currency 1 Guyanese dollar (G$) = 100 cents
GDP (per capita) $4,800 (2000 est.)
Industry bauxite, sugar, rice milling, timber, fishing (shrimp), textiles, gold mining
Agriculture sugar, rice, wheat, vegetable oils; beef, pork, poultry, dairy products; forest and fishery potential not exploited
Arable Land 2%
Natural Resources bauxite, gold, diamonds, hardwood timber, shrimp, fish
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History of Guyana

European settlement began about 1596 when the Dutch entered the region. Soon slaves were imported from Africa.