Guatemala - HowStuffWorks

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Maps of Guatemala show the location of major cities and regions in Guatemala. Check out our interactive maps of Guatemala.

Guatemala City

Guatemala City

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Country (long form) Republic of Guatemala
Capital Guatemala
Total Area 42,042.66 sq mi
108,890.00 sq km
(slightly smaller than Tennessee)
Population 12,974,361 (July 2001 est.)
Estimated Population in 2050 31,471,616
Languages Spanish 60%, Amerindian languages 40% (more than 20 Amerindian languages, including Quiche, Cakchiquel, Kekchi, Mam, Garifuna, and Xinca)
Literacy 63.6% total, 68.7% male, 58.5% female (2000 est.)
Religions Roman Catholic, Protestant, indigenous Mayan beliefs
Life Expectancy 63.85 male, 69.31 female (2001 est.)
Government Type constitutional democratic republic
Currency 1 quetzal (Q) = 100 centavos
GDP (per capita) $3,700 (2000 est.)
Industry sugar, textiles and clothing, furniture, chemicals, petroleum, metals, rubber, tourism
Agriculture sugarcane, corn, bananas, coffee, beans, cardamom; cattle, sheep, pigs, chickens
Arable Land 12%
Natural Resources petroleum, nickel, rare woods, fish, chicle, hydropower
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Geography of Guatemala

Guatemala, or Republic of Guatemala, an independent country of Central America. It borders Mexico, Belize, Honduras, and El Salvador and lies between the Pacific Ocean and the Gulf of Honduras, an arm of the Caribbean Sea.

History of Guatemala

The Maya Indians inhabited Guatemala as early as 2400 B.C. They developed an advanced civilization and flourished there, but declined after 900 A.D.