Ghana - HowStuffWorks

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Country (long form) Republic of Ghana
Capital Accra
Total Area 92,100.81 sq mi
238,540.00 sq km
(slightly smaller than Oregon)
Population 19,894,014 (July 2001 est.)
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
Estimated Population in 2050 31,952,685
Languages English (official), African languages (including Akan, Moshi-Dagomba, Ewe, and Ga)
Literacy 64.5% total, 75.9% male, 53.5% female (1995 est.)
Religions indigenous beliefs 38%, Muslim 30%, Christian 24%, other 8%
Life Expectancy 55.86 male, 58.66 female (2001 est.)
Government Type constitutional democracy
Currency 1 new cedi (C) = 100 pesewas
GDP (per capita) $1,900 (2000 est.)
Industry mining, lumbering, light manufacturing, aluminum smelting, food processing
Agriculture cocoa, rice, coffee, cassava (tapioca), peanuts, corn, shea nuts, bananas; timber
Arable Land 12%
Natural Resources gold, cocoa, timber, tuna, bauxite, aluminum, manganese ore, diamonds
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Geography of Ghana

Ghana, or Republic of Ghana, an independent country on Africa's west coast. It consists of the former territories of Gold Coast and British Togoland, which united in 1957, and is named for a medieval kingdom that flourished in what is now Mali.

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History of Ghana

Most of the ethnic groups that live in Ghana today migrated into the region during the 12th to 16th centuries.