Gabon - HowStuffWorks

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Country (long form) Gabonese Republic
Capital Libreville
Total Area 103,346.81 sq mi
267,667.00 sq km
(slightly smaller than Colorado)
Population 1,221,175 (July 2001 est.)
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
Estimated Population in 2050 1,813,985
Languages French (official), Fang, Myene, Bateke, Bapounou/Eschira, Bandjabi
Literacy 63.2% total, 73.7% male, 53.3% female (1995 est.)
Religions Christian 55%-75%, animist , Muslim less than 1%
Life Expectancy 48.47 male, 50.75 female (2001 est.)
Government Type republic; multiparty presidential regime (opposition parties legalized in 1990)
Currency 1 Communaute Financiere Africaine franc (CFAF) = 100 centimes
GDP (per capita) $6,300 (2000 est.)
Industry food and beverage; textile; lumbering and plywood; cement; petroleum extraction and refining; manganese, uranium, and gold mining; chemicals; ship repair
Agriculture cocoa, coffee, sugar, palm oil, rubber; cattle; okoume (a tropical softwood); fish
Arable Land 1%
Natural Resources petroleum, manganese, uranium, gold, timber, iron ore, hydropower
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Gabon, or Gabonese Republic, a country on the west coast of Africa. It lies on the Atlantic Ocean on the Equator and is bordered by Equatorial Guinea, Cameroon, and the Republic of the Congo.

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History of Gabon

The first inhabitants of Gabon were probably pygmies. About 1000 A.D., various Bantu peoples migrated into the region from the south.