French Guiana - HowStuffWorks

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Country (long form) Department of Guiana
Capital Cayenne
Total Area 35,135.30 sq mi
91,000 sq km
(slightly smaller than Indiana)
Population 172,605 (July 2000 est.)
Estimated Population in 2050 N/A
Languages French
Literacy 83% total, 84% male, 82% female (1982 est.)
Religions Roman Catholic
Life Expectancy 72.77 male, 79.6 female (2000 est.)
Government Type N/A
Currency 1 French franc (F) = 100 centimes
GDP (per capita) $6,000 (1998 est.)
Industry construction, shrimp processing, forestry products, rum, gold mining
Agriculture rice, manioc (tapioca), sugar, cocoa, vegetables, bananas; cattle, pigs, poultry
Arable Land 0%
Natural Resources bauxite, timber, gold (widely scattered), cinnabar, kaolin, fish
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History of French Guiana

The first major French settlement was at Cayenne in 1643. The colony was at various times controlled by the Dutch, English, French, and Portuguese until French rule was restored in 1817.