Ethiopa - HowStuffWorks

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Country (long form) Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
Capital Addis Ababa
Total Area 435,186.17 sq mi
1,127,127.00 sq km
(slightly less than twice the size of Texas)
Population 65,891,874 (July 2001 est.)
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
Estimated Population in 2050 187,892,174
Languages Amharic, Tigrinya, Orominga, Guaraginga, Somali, Arabic, other local languages, English (major foreign language taught in schools)
Literacy 35.5% total, 45.5% male, 25.3% female (1995 est.)
Religions Muslim 45%-50%, Ethiopian Orthodox 35%-40%, animist 12%, other 3%-8%
Life Expectancy 43.88 male, 45.51 female (2001 est.)
Government Type federal republic
Currency 1 birr (Br) = 100 cents
GDP (per capita) $600 (2000 est.)
Industry food processing, beverages, textiles, chemicals, metals processing, cement
Agriculture cereals, pulses, coffee, oilseed, sugarcane, potatoes, qat; hides, cattle, sheep, goats
Arable Land 12%
Natural Resources small reserves of gold, platinum, copper, potash, natural gas, hydropower
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Ethiopia, or People's Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, a country in eastern Africa.

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History of Ethiopia

Ethiopia is an ancient country, traditionally dating back to before 1000 B.C. Its borders were vague but generally included both southern Egypt and Sudan (Nubia).