Eritrea - HowStuffWorks

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Country (long form) State of Eritrea
Capital Asmara (formerly Asmera)
Total Area 46,841.91 sq mi
121,320.00 sq km
(slightly larger than Pennsylvania)
Population 4,298,269 (July 2001 est.)
Estimated Population in 2050 13,287,058
Languages Afar, Amharic, Arabic, Tigre and Kunama, Tigrinya, other Cushitic languages
Literacy 25.0% total, N/A% male, N/A% female
Religions Muslim, Coptic Christian, Roman Catholic, Protestant
Life Expectancy 53.73 male, 58.71 female (2001 est.)
Government Type transitional government
Currency 1 nafka = 100 cents
GDP (per capita) $710 (2000 est.)
Industry food processing, beverages, clothing and textiles
Agriculture sorghum, lentils, vegetables, corn, cotton, tobacco, coffee, sisal; livestock, goats; fish
Arable Land 12%
Natural Resources gold, potash, zinc, copper, salt, possibly oil and natural gas, fish
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Geography of Eritrea

Eritrea, a country in northeastern Africa. It is bounded by Sudan, the Red Sea, Djibouti, and Ethiopia.

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History of Eritrea

Parts of Eritrea were ruled by Ethiopia and parts by local clans until 1890, when Italy made the region a colony.