Egypt - HowStuffWorks

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Maps of Egypt show the location of major cities and regions in Egypt. Check out our interactive maps of Egypt.



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Country (long form) Arab Republic of Egypt
Capital Cairo
Total Area 386,662.01 sq mi
1,001,450.00 sq km
(slightly more than three times the size of New Mexico)
Population 69,536,644 (July 2001 est.)
Estimated Population in 2050 113,002,084
Languages Arabic (official), English and French widely understood by educated classes
Literacy 51.4% total, 63.6% male, 38.8% female (1995 est.)
Religions Muslim (mostly Sunni) 94%, Coptic Christian and other 6%
Life Expectancy 61.62 male, 65.85 female (2001 est.)
Government Type republic
Currency 1 Egyptian pound = 100 piasters
GDP (per capita) $3,600 (2000 est.)
Industry textiles, food processing, tourism, chemicals, hydrocarbons, construction, cement, metals
Agriculture cotton, rice, corn, wheat, beans, fruits, vegetables; cattle, water buffalo, sheep, goats
Arable Land 2%
Natural Resources petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, phosphates, manganese, limestone, gypsum, talc, asbestos, lead, zinc
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Geography of Egypt

Egypt, or Arab Republic of Egypt, a country in the Middle East, mostly in northeastern Africa but partly in southwestern Asia.

History of Egypt

The history of modern Egypt started after the permanent division of the Roman Empire into the Western Roman and Eastern Roman (Byzantine) empires in 395 A.D.