Cyprus - HowStuffWorks

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what's inside: cyprus

Maps of Cyprus show the location of major cities and regions in Cyprus. Check out our interactive maps of Cyprus.

Limassol

Limassol

Maps of Limassol show locations and major features. Explore interactive map of Limassol. See more »

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Paphos

Paphos

Paphos maps show locations and major features. Explore interactive Paphos maps. See more »

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 cyprus thematic maps
Country (long form) Republic of Cyprus
note: the Turkish Cypriot area refers to itself as the "Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus" (TRNC)
Capital Nicosia
Total Area 3,571.44 sq mi
9,250.00 sq km
(about 0.6 times the size of Connecticut)
Population 762,887 (July 2001 est.)
Estimated Population in 2050 841,102
Languages Greek, Turkish, English
Literacy 94.0% total, 98.0% male, 91% female (1987 est.)
Religions Greek Orthodox 78%, Muslim 18%, Maronite, Armenian Apostolic, and other 4%
Life Expectancy 74.6 male, 79.3 female (2001 est.)
Government Type republic
Currency Greek Cypriot area: 1 Cypriot pound = 100 cents; Turkish Cypriot area: 1 Turkish lira (TL) = 100 kurus
GDP (per capita) Greek Cypriot area: $16,000 (2000 est.) - Turkish Cypriot area: $5,300 (1999 est.)
Industry food, beverages, textiles, chemicals, metal products, tourism, wood products
Agriculture potatoes, citrus, vegetables, barley, grapes, olives, vegetables
Arable Land 12%
Natural Resources copper, pyrites, asbestos, gypsum, timber, salt, marble, clay earth pigment
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Geography of Cyprus

Cyprus, an island at the eastern end of the Mediterranean Sea, near Turkey. It is divided between peoples of Greek and Turkish cultures.

History of Cyprus

The ancient Greeks and Phoenicians colonized Cyprus and it later was part of the Persian and Roman empires.