Colombia - HowStuffWorks

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Maps of Colombia show the location of major cities and regions in Colombia. Check out our interactive maps of Colombia.

Bogota

Bogota

Bogota maps show locations and major features. Explore interactive Bogota maps. See more »

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Country (long form) Republic of Colombia
Capital Bogota
Total Area 439,735.61 sq mi
1,138,910.00 sq km
(slightly less than three times the size of Montana)
Population 40,349,388 (July 2001 est.)
Estimated Population in 2050 64,534,230
Languages Spanish
Literacy 91.3% total, 91.2% male, 91.4% female (1995 est.)
Religions Roman Catholic 90%
Life Expectancy 66.71 male, 74.55 female (2001 est.)
Government Type republic; executive branch dominates government structure
Currency 1 Colombian peso (Col$) = 100 centavos
GDP (per capita) $6,200 (2000 est.)
Industry textiles, food processing, oil, clothing and footwear, beverages, chemicals, cement; gold, coal, emeralds
Agriculture coffee, cut flowers, bananas, rice, tobacco, corn, sugarcane, cocoa beans, oilseed, vegetables; forest products; shrimp
Arable Land 4%
Natural Resources petroleum, natural gas, coal, iron ore, nickel, gold, copper, emeralds, hydropower
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History of Colombia

Colombia has been inhabited for at least 10,000 years. At the time of its exploration by the Spanish, the dominant Indian tribe was the Chibcha, a culturally advanced and warlike people.