Chile - HowStuffWorks

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what's inside: chile

Maps of Chile show the location of major cities and regions in Chile. Check out our interactive maps of Chile.

Santiago

Santiago

Santiago maps show locations and major features. Explore interactive Santiago maps. See more »

 chile thematic maps
Country (long form) Republic of Chile
Capital Santiago
Total Area 292,260.03 sq mi
756,950.00 sq km
(slightly smaller than twice the size of Montana)
Population 15,328,467 (July 2001 est.)
Estimated Population in 2050 19,252,959
Languages Spanish
Literacy 95.2% total, 95.4% male, 95% female (1995 est.)
Religions Roman Catholic 89%, Protestant 11%, Jewish (negligible)
Life Expectancy 72.63 male, 79.42 female (2001 est.)
Government Type republic
Currency 1 Chilean peso (Ch$) = 100 centavos
GDP (per capita) $10,100 (2000 est.)
Industry copper, other minerals, foodstuffs, fish processing, iron and steel, wood and wood products, transport equipment, cement, textiles
Agriculture wheat, corn, grapes, beans, sugar beets, potatoes, fruit; beef, poultry, wool; fish; timber
Arable Land 5%
Natural Resources copper, timber, iron ore, nitrates, precious metals, molybdenum, hydropower
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Chile

Chile, or Republic of Chile, a country in South America. It occupies a long, narrow strip along the Pacific coast, stretching from north of the Tropic of Capricorn to Cape Horn at the southern tip of the continent.

History of Chile

In the 16th century the northern half of Chile was part of the Inca Empire. Fierce Araucanian Indians inhabited the south.