Chad - HowStuffWorks

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Country (long form) Republic of Chad
Capital N'Djamena
Total Area 495,755.17 sq mi
1,284,000.00 sq km
(slightly more than three times the size of California)
Population 8,707,078 (July 2001 est.)
Estimated Population in 2050 33,261,731
Languages French (official), Arabic (official), Sara and Sango (in south), more than 100 different languages and dialects
Literacy 48.1% total, 62.1% male, 34.7% female (1995 est.)
Religions Muslim 50%, Christian 25%, indigenous beliefs (mostly animism) 25%
Life Expectancy 48.86 male, 52.98 female (2001 est.)
Government Type republic
Currency 1 Communaute Financiere Africaine franc (CFAF) = 100 centimes
GDP (per capita) $1,000 (2000 est.)
Industry cotton textiles, meat packing, beer brewing, natron (sodium carbonate), soap, cigarettes, construction materials
Agriculture cotton, sorghum, millet, peanuts, rice, potatoes, manioc (tapioca); cattle, sheep, goats, camels
Arable Land 3%
Natural Resources petroleum (unexploited but exploration under way), uranium, natron, kaolin, fish (Lake Chad)
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Geography of Chad

Chad, (French: Tchad), or Republic of Chad, a country in north-central Africa. It is bounded by Libya, Sudan, the Central African Republic, Cameroon, Nigeria, and Niger.

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History of Chad

Chad was inhabited as early as 3.5 million years ago by humanlike creatures known as australopithecines.