Cameroon - HowStuffWorks

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Country (long form) Republic of Cameroon
Capital Yaounde
Total Area 183,568.41 sq mi
475,440.00 sq km
(slightly larger than California)
Population 15,803,220 (July 2001 est.)
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
Estimated Population in 2050 34,662,366
Languages 24 major African language groups, English (official), French (official)
Literacy 63.4% total, 75.0% male, 52.1% female (1995 est.)
Religions indigenous beliefs 40%, Christian 40%, Muslim 20%
Life Expectancy 53.76 male, 55.44 female (2001 est.)
Government Type unitary republic; multiparty presidential regime (opposition parties legalized in 1990)
Currency 1 Communaute Financiere Africaine franc (CFAF) = 100 centimes
GDP (per capita) $1,700 (2000 est.)
Industry petroleum production and refining, food processing, light consumer goods, textiles, lumber
Agriculture coffee, cocoa, cotton, rubber, bananas, oilseed, grains, root starches; livestock; timber
Arable Land 13%
Natural Resources petroleum, bauxite, iron ore, timber, hydropower
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Geography of Cameroon

Cameroon, or Republic of Cameroon, a country in western Africa. It lies just north of the Equator on the Gulf of Guinea and is bordered by Nigeria, Chad, the Central African Republic, Republic of the Congo, Gabon, and Equatorial Guinea.

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History of Cameroon

Little is known of the history of Cameroon before the 15th century, when the Portuguese arrived and established a slave trade on the coast.