Burundi - HowStuffWorks

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Country (long form) Republic of Burundi
Capital Bujumbura
Total Area 10,745.22 sq mi
27,830.00 sq km
(slightly smaller than Maryland)
Population 6,223,897 (July 2001 est.)
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
Estimated Population in 2050 16,086,866
Languages Kirundi (official), French (official), Swahili (along Lake Tanganyika and in the Bujumbura area)
Literacy 35.3% total, 49.3% male, 22.5% female (1995 est.)
Religions Christian 67% (Roman Catholic 62%, Protestant 5%), indigenous beliefs 23%, Muslim 10%
Life Expectancy 45.15 male, 46.99 female (2001 est.)
Government Type republic
Currency 1 Burundi franc (FBu) = 100 centimes
GDP (per capita) $720 (2000 est.)
Industry light consumer goods such as blankets, shoes, soap; assembly of imported components; public works construction; food processing
Agriculture coffee, cotton, tea, corn, sorghum, sweet potatoes, bananas, manioc (tapioca); beef, milk, hides
Arable Land 44%
Natural Resources nickel, uranium, rare earth oxides, peat, cobalt, copper, platinum (not yet exploited), vanadium, arable land, hydropower
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Geography of Burundi

Burundi, or Republic of Burundi, a small, landlocked nation in east-central Africa.

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History of Burundi

Among the first known inhabitants of Burundi were the Twa and the Hutu. About the 15th century, the Tutsi migrated into the region from the north.