Burkina Faso - HowStuffWorks

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Country (long form) none
Capital Ouagadougou
Total Area 105,869.21 sq mi
274,200.00 sq km
(slightly larger than Colorado)
Population 12,272,289 (July 2001 est.)
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
Estimated Population in 2050 34,303,964
Languages French (official), native African languages belonging to Sudanic family spoken by 90% of the population
Literacy 19.2% total, 29.5% male, 9.2% female (1995 est.)
Religions indigenous beliefs 40%, Muslim 50%, Christian (mainly Roman Catholic) 10%
Life Expectancy 45.86 male, 46.98 female (2001 est.)
Government Type parliamentary
Currency 1 Communaute Financiere Africaine franc (CFAF) = 100 centimes
GDP (per capita) $1,000 (2000 est.)
Industry cotton lint, beverages, agricultural processing, soap, cigarettes, textiles, gold
Agriculture peanuts, shea nuts, sesame, cotton, sorghum, millet, corn, rice; livestock
Arable Land 13%
Natural Resources manganese, limestone, marble; small deposits of gold, antimony, copper, nickel, bauxite, lead, phosphates, zinc, silver
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Burkina Faso

Burkina Faso, or Burkina, a landlocked country in western Africa. It lies south of the Sahara and is bordered by Mali, Niger, Benin, Togo, Ghana, and Cte d'Ivoire.

History of Burkina Faso

Little is known of the area that became Burkina Faso until the 15th century A.D., when the Mossi people organized themselves into several city-states.