Botswana - HowStuffWorks

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Country (long form) Republic of Botswana
Capital Gaborone
Total Area 231,804.15 sq mi
600,370.00 sq km
(slightly smaller than Texas)
Population 1,586,119 (July 2001 est.)
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
Estimated Population in 2050 1,167,054
Languages English (official), Setswana
Literacy 69.8% total, 80.5% male, 59.9% female (1995 est.)
Religions indigenous beliefs 50%, Christian 50%
Life Expectancy 36.77 male, 37.51 female (2001 est.)
Government Type parliamentary republic
Currency 1 pula (P) = 100 thebe
GDP (per capita) $6,600 (2000 est.)
Industry diamonds, copper, nickel, coal, salt, soda ash, potash; livestock processing
Agriculture sorghum, corn, millet, pulses, groundnuts (peanuts), beans, cowpeas, sunflower seed; livestock
Arable Land 1%
Natural Resources diamonds, copper, nickel, salt, soda ash, potash, coal, iron ore, silver
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Botswana

Botswana, or Republic of Botswana, a landlocked country of southern Africa. It lies on the Tropic of Capricorn about midway between Africa's east and west coasts.

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History of Botswana

The British made the region that is now Botswana a protectorate in 1885, and named it Bechuanaland, after the largest ethnic group.