Afghanistan - HowStuffWorks

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Country (long form) Islamic State of Afghanistan
Capital Kabul
Total Area 250,000 sq mi
647,500.00 sq km
(slightly smaller than Texas)
Population 26,813,057 (July 2001 est.)
Estimated Population in 2050 67,224,578
Languages Pashtu 35%, Afghan Persian (Dari) 50%, Turkic languages (primarily Uzbek and Turkmen) 11%, 30 minor languages (primarily Balochi and Pashai) 4%, much bilingualism
Literacy 31.5% total, 47.2% male, 15% female (1999 est.)
Religions Sunni Muslim 84%, Shi'a Muslim 15%, other 1%
Life Expectancy 46.97 male, 45.47 female (2000 est.)
Government Type in transition from a theocratic regime to a form as yet to be determined
Currency 1 afghani (AF) = 100 puls
GDP (per capita) $800 (2000 est.)
Industry small-scale production of textiles, soap, furniture, shoes, fertilizer, and cement; hand-woven carpets; natural gas, oil, coal and copper
Agriculture opium poppies, wheat, fruits, nuts, wool, mutton, karakul pelts
Arable Land 12%
Minerals and Resources natural gas, petroleum, coal, copper, chromite, talc, barites, sulfur, lead, zinc, iron ore, salt, precious and semiprecious stones
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Afghanistan, , or Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, a country in south-central Asia.

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History of Afghanistan

The independent existence of Afghanistan dates only from the mid-18th century, but archeologists believe that the area was inhabited as early as the Old Stone Age.